Preface- Biography of Farhad Mehrad:Farhad Mehrad was born on January 20, 1958, in Tehran. He was one of the famous Iranian rock singers who released Iran’s first English rock and roll album. What sets him apart from other singers of his generation is the singing of social songs that are crystallized in his music. This element is fully visible in the themes of all his songs. He is also known as one of the first political singers in Iran. In the early 1350s, he sang songs with political themes and criticism. In the winter of 1978, he sang the revolutionary song “Vahdat”, but after the revolution, he was banned from continuing his work until 1993. One of Farhad’s most famous songs you can refer to ” Lonely Man “, ” Friday “, ” Mirrors “, ” Tired “, “Captive of the Night”, ” Gray Week “, ” Night 1 and 2 “, ” Sparrow Ash “, ” Childish “, ” Roof “, ” Debris ” He mentioned ” unity “, ” whispers “, ” violet migration “, ” snow “, ” dawn bird “, ” ice flower “, ” dark night ” and… He also has songs in non-Persian languages.
Farhad Mehrad’s childhood and adolescence:
Farhad’s father was Iran’s charge d’affaires in the Arab world. As the youngest member of the family, his behavioral characteristics differed from those of his peers in that he was likened to an adult imitator in the eyes of friends, acquaintances, and family. It was three years ago that his special interest in music surprised those around him, as he was seen listening to his violin drums and those of his friends for hours in the back of his brother’s room, who said: “He became acquainted with music from a young age.” After his interest in music is noticed by his brother’s friend, that person encourages his family to provide him with an instrument. In any case, a cello is prepared for him, and it is the beginning of learning his musical knowledge. But the learning time does not last more than three sessions and the cello breaks; Which he later said of the incident:“ Let me learn to listen .” After that incident, again, his only pleasure is listening to the same music exercises of his big brother and having an instrument becomes one of the impossible things. During school, he discovers his interest and ability in the field of Persian language and literature, and along with music, it becomes his other concern and makes him want to continue his studies in the field of literature; However, he was opposed by his older uncle, who was in charge of the family in the absence of his father, and was forced to continue his studies in natural sciences; The result of not being interested in this field and its courses is a reason for him to drop out of 11th grade.
Farhad Mehrad’s youth season:
After dropping out of school, he pursued a childhood interest in playing music, and because his father did not have an instrument, he went to his Armenian friends and neighbors to learn to play so that he could use the instruments he had at home. “According to him,” Armenians at that time were freer than other families and listened to all kinds of world music and also had instruments at home. ” In this way, he learns to play the guitar and piano on his own, and soon after, by the same Armenian locals, he forms The Four Imps group, in which he works as a musician and performs in various clubs. Shortly afterwards, the group left for Ahvaz to carry out a program organized by the management of the Khorshid Hotel for the employees of the Oil Company Club. In the performance of the first night of the program, the conductor of the orchestra, due to the absence of the singer of the group, asks him to accompany the group in addition to playing as a singer, and he takes the program to the stage by reviewing the lyrics once. (He was sensitive to the correct pronunciation of words and phrases, and also had a thorough knowledge of world music. This made him less likely to believe when he sang a song in another language, including songs in English, French, Italian, and so on. This obsession is useful for a group that performed in Armenian and English, and they are welcomed for their good performance, and the duration of the program is extended for several consecutive nights. Also according to Manouchehr Eslami, trumpet player and former member of Black Cats.
Farhad started working with the Black Cats as a singer and guitarist and pianist:
Some time later, he left that group and started his activities in the field of music independently. In the first step, in 1342, he went to a TV program called (Variety Studio B), where he also performed non-Persian songs and fans. Finds. Therefore, after being seen in this program and being noticed by the audience, shortly after he was invited to perform the program in a big concert on the occasion of the anniversary of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, which was held by the management (Youth Information Magazine) at Amjadieh Stadium. In that concert, he plays and sings some non-Persian songs with a guitar and is welcomed by the people and the audience. Ironically, the concert was also attended by Vida Ghahramani, a film actress who owned the Kochini Café with her husband, and because of her beautiful performance, she introduces him to the Black Cats, who performed in Kochini every night. His collaboration with the Black Cats began in 1345, when his English performances, which according to his friends and audience were better than the original song, made it difficult for Americans living in Iran to reserve front seats to be close to him. He is known as “Farhad Black Cats” and is even called “Ray Charles of Iran” by the publications of that time and the people who were his audience in Kuchini. In this group, he sang songs from famous bands of the time, including: The Beatles, Animals, BJ, Fortaps, and famous singers such as: Elvis Presley, Ray Charles, Tom Jones, Nina Simone, Frank Sinatra, Ben Yi. King and many more. Manouchehr Eslami, a former member and trumpet player in the Black Cats, mentions him as the main base of the group and says: “Although he did not know the notes and had learned the music by ear and experimentally, he did not need much practice. . » Also, another pop singer, Abi, who had not yet started his career seriously at the time, collaborated with the Black Cats for two years. “I owe everything I have learned in singing to Farhad,” he said. Another pop singer, Fereydoun Foroughi, was also criticized by the public for being influenced by Farhad Mehrad early in his artistic career. Also, another pop singer, Abi, who had not yet started her career seriously at the time, worked with the Black Cats for two years. “I owe everything I have learned in singing to Farhad,” he said, referring to the year as a training course. Another pop singer, Fereydoun Foroughi, was also criticized by the public for being influenced by Farhad Mehrad early in his artistic career. Also, another pop singer, Abi, who had not yet started her career seriously at the time, worked with the Black Cats for two years. “I owe everything I have learned in singing to Farhad,” he said, referring to the year as a training course. Another pop singer, Fereydoun Foroughi, was also criticized by the public for being influenced by Farhad Mehrad early in his artistic career.
Performing the first song in Persian dubbing a movie:
It was at this time, at the height of Black Cats’ activity, that Master Ali Kasmaei, dubbing director, nicknamed the father of Iranian dubbing, was looking for a voice for the song (With a little bit luck) for the English film My Beautiful Lady. Considering Farhad Mehrad becoming famous in Kochini Club and being introduced by Touraj Neghaban, he chooses him as the dubbing voice of this song; And in fact, this song is the first song that he sings in Persian. Shortly afterwards, he separated from the Black Cats and went to England to visit his sister. But the trip, which was supposed to be two months, would take more than a year. During this trip, he earned some time to perform in London clubs to earn money. One of the prominent English producers, after hearing his song, suggested that he release an album in English, but due to illness and personal problems, the release of the album remained limited. .
Beginning of activity in Persian music with the performance of new songs in the first soundtrack of the film:
In 1348, he was selected by Esfandiar Monfardzadeh, who at that time was looking for a new voice for the song “Lonely Man” (with a song by himself and a poem by Shahyar Ghanbari) for the film Reza Motori (directed by Masoud Kimiaei) and pioneered other singers. The beginning of a new socially themed song in the first soundtrack. At first, because he was not satisfied with his first Persian performance in the film (My Beautiful Lady), he bet that if he was not satisfied with the result after the performance, Monfaredzadeh would not delete and release the song. However, after finishing the work, he expressed his satisfaction with the result, and this song was released in the form of a music screen in 1349, at the same time with the release of the film, and became the best-seller. Because, in his own words, “he only wanted to perform songs that he could feel and that were his language or that had a message and expressed a problem from the community.”
After this song, in 1350, he sang the song “Juma” (the work of Monfaredzadeh and Ghanbari) for the film Khodahafez Rafiq (directed by Amir Naderi) and again it was noticed and known as the voice of protest. Later that year, in the same year, he performed the song “Mirrors” (the work of Shamaeizadeh and Ardalan Sarfaraz) with a different lyrics from the songs of that time, and had a special style in music with his stamp and signature, and also encouraged other singers. Such songs are performed. After the successful performance of this song and the popularity of this type of pop music with different songs, there is a reason for the trio of this three-member group of singers, songwriters and composers to work together again to create another song close to the theme of Mirrors called Swamp. Let him practice. Khosrow Lavi, in charge of publishing the artist’s pre-revolutionary works in the documentary (Farhad Fridays), says in this regard: “This song was originally composed and rehearsed for Farhad’s voice, and I was present at the last rehearsal of this work, and I witnessed Farhad rehearsing this song, and I must say that when Farhad sits at the piano and starts playing this song and singing It makes the hair stand on end and I say that this can be one of Farhad’s best works. Unfortunately, after this performance, for reasons that were never clear, the composer decided to perform the song himself and the performance with Farhad’s voice was canceled. “It will happen.” Manouchehr Eslami says: “People far and wide around Farhad were not benevolent people, except for the leader of the group that Farhad started working with in Kuchini, because he knew Farhad’s talent and ability completely. Farhad was also very vulnerable mentally and could not stand many things. After that and in 1351, he sang the song “Tired” by (Touraj Neghaban and Mohammad Oshal) for the film “Zanjiri”. , Debris, childish, unity and whispers until the revolution of 1957. Also, due to his selection of works, his works in an active period of nine years, ie from the performance of the first song (Lonely Man) in 1349 to his last performance until the revolution, ie (Whispers) in 1358, his collection of works reaches only fourteen works, because He did not perform what he did not consider appropriate in terms of content, and he did not believe that an artist was always on stage under any circumstances and by presenting any kind of work, and the reason was that he worked with a large number of famous people in the field of poetry and music. But in general, a kind of unity and integrity can be seen in the content of his works, which is also the reason for this. He also married Pouran Gulfam in the late 1970s, with whom he lived for the rest of his life. Until 1978 and the Iranian Revolution, he held concerts inside and outside the country, and one day after the Revolution in Iran, on February 14, 1979, Siavash Kasraei sang the song Vahdat to Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh, and on the same day Farhad’s voice in praise of freedom and Liberty resonates on national television, which was in fact the first singer whose voice was heard after the revolution. However, after the revolution, he was banned from working for a long time, until finally in 1994, the album “Khoob Dar Bidari” was released, which included several Persian songs and several English songs. In this album, he composed his Persian and English songs by playing only one instrument, that is, the piano he played, which for the first time was such a way that the song of a piece of music in its simplest form, that is, playing only one instrument, such as The piano or guitar was performed by him, which also persisted in his concert performances. In 1374, he performed his first concert after the revolution in Cologne, Germany, which was the first papal concert that received permission to perform abroad after the revolution. In 1997, his album Vahdat was released by an unknown person, which included songs from his 1350s. Also in 1998, he was able to perform a concert at the East Tehran Hotel and released the album Barf. In 1374, he performed his first concert after the revolution in Cologne, Germany, which was the first papal concert that received permission to perform abroad after the revolution. In 1997, his album Vahdat was released by an unknown person, which included songs from his 1350s. Also in 1998, he was able to perform a concert at the East Tehran Hotel and released the album Barf. In 1374, he performed his first concert after the revolution in Cologne, Germany, which was the first papal concert that received permission to perform abroad after the revolution. In 1997, his album Vahdat was released by an unknown person, which included songs from his 1350s. Also in 1998, he was able to perform a concert at the East Tehran Hotel and released the album Barf.
The final chapter of Farhad Mehrad’s life:
After the release of his latest album called “Barf”, he was trying to produce an album called “Amen” which included songs from different countries and languages. However, since 1999, his illness has worsened. He was diagnosed with hepatitis C and as a result of the liver complications caused by it, he went to Lille, France in June 2002 for treatment. Shahrivar was buried in Tie Cemetery (plot 110, row 7, stone 23) in Paris. After his death, a collection of works and documentaries such as “Amen”, “Snow” and “Farhad Fridays” were published by him.
Pouran Gulfam, Farhad’s living wife,
broadcasts Farhad’s works from Seda Vasima:
After the artist’s death, a number of his works have been broadcast by the Islamic Republic of Iran Radio and Television in recent years. The reason was that the radio and television used the works of this artist as a tool, and the Ministry of Guidance, which until yesterday had a hard time licensing the works of this artist, today and in his absence, allowed the publication of this artist’s works on election clips and credits. He uses some TV programs and various festivals and ceremonies, as well as clips that have nothing to do with the content of the artist’s works. For example, the song “Sparrow”, which has a critical protest meaning, is used on a clip that depicts children’s games, which the artist’s wife says in this regard:
“Farhad had a special discipline for everything he did, and he did not like everyone to use or abuse his work as he wished.”
Farhad Mehrad’s family lawyer also said that if the artist’s works continue to be broadcast on radio and television, he will file a criminal complaint against the mass media.
Farhad House Museum:
In 2012, due to the efforts of this artist’s wife, a museum of his personal belongings entitled “Farhad House” was established in the Cinema Museum located in Tehran, Valiasr Street (formerly Pahlavi) in Ferdows Garden to host the lovers of this artist. The house dedicated to this artist in Hall 3 is a cozy corner where his voice can be heard louder than anywhere else, and in this cozy corner, some of his surviving works, including: chocolate robe, black scarf Which he wore in many of his performances, is part of his personal library. Also glasses, watches, piano, guitar and handwritten calligraphy as well as his personal Quran are other works in this museum that are exhibited in this house. Behind the house is a beautiful old courtyard with tiles and a blue pool that blends the artist’s voice with water music, and geranium flowers and white jasmines that fill the space. “This is Farhad’s real house,” said the singer’s wife, referring to the memorial of Farhad’s house at the Cinema Museum. “I feel Farhad here and I hope that one day, whether I am or not, Farhad’s house will remain here and his lovers will come here and renew their memories.” It should also be noted that Farhad’s house was designed and performed by Behrouz Gharibpour, a theater and cinema director
Because the bitter smell of frankincense (Biography of Farhad Mehrad)
Product Features: Product Code: 267329 ISBN: 9789651264160 the writer: Vahid Kohandel Publishers: Fish Publishing Fish Publishing Topic: Biography of Iranian singers Tongue: Farsi Cover: Soft Cut: Raqi number of pages: 320 the length: 21.5 Width: 14.5 Height: 1.8 Weight: 359 g
Afsaneh moradii was born in Sanandaj. She holds a Master's degree Law. She Held BS in the literature (Persian language), and Occupation: University professor.
Scientific and research activities:
- The head of the White Justice magazine
- Author of academic sourcebooks:
* The book Rahavard Parsi
* Books on types of writing in public relations, media and ...
* New report book
Nasim Gazerani was born in 1983 in Arak. She holds a Master's degree in Software Engineering from UM University of Malaysia.