Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Vol. X

Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Vol. X

Table of Contents

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National cancer control planning must still depend too often on unreliable estimates of cancer burden: estimates based on incomplete data, old data, or in some cases no data at all. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is committed to supporting and strengthening cancer registries, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, to address this gap. In this context, the cancer registries included in Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5) collectively illustrate, perhaps better than anywhere else, the full value of establishing and sustaining high-quality population-based cancer registration. Inclusion in the CI5 series has long been considered an international quality standard for cancer registries around the world. Lack of inclusion should not detract, however, from the remarkable efforts and progress being made by the cancer registries not (yet) included in the series. Rather, this volume should provide encouragement and inspiration, as a testament to what can be achieved and how.

It is good news that the value of cancer registration is increasingly being recognized by policy-makers, not least because of the emphasis on cancer along with other no communicable diseases (NCDs) at the highest political level. Furthermore, WHO Member States have agreed to measure “cancer incidence, by type of cancer, per 100 000 population” as an indicator in the NCD Global Monitoring Framework. The ability to analyses cancer trends over time enables better planning for changing patterns of cancer at the national level. This is another advantage that high-quality cancer registries in CI5 bring to cancer control planning. Additional modeling, for example of the proportion of cancers attributable to various causes or the potential benefits of interventions to reduce cancer burden, requires a foundation of reliable cancer registry data, and such requirements will only increase.

Cancer registrars are a remarkable breed. In my current post I have had the privilege of visiting several cancer registries around the world and without fail I am struck by the passion, tenacity, dedication, and determination of those who believe in the value of their work. In turn, I have been able to prioritize this area of work at the Agency, so that we may contribute our own part to the provision of reliable global cancer statistics. Work on CI5 was one of the first activities undertaken by the Agency when it was founded nearly 50 years ago, and the series is a good example of the collaborative work that continues to characterize IARC’s approach today. Each volume is created in collaboration with individual cancer registries, and also with the valued and vital collaboration of the International Association of Cancer Registries (IACR). CI5 Volume X differs from its predecessors in several ways, and among these changes is the increase in the number of registries and populations included. Despite positive signs, however, this volume also illustrates once again just how far we still have left to go in increasing the coverage of populations, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. And this sets us our challenge: to see Volume XI burgeoning with new registries, joining those already well established. In achieving this goal, we will have provided a vital resource to global efforts to tackle the cancer problem and ultimately to see the number of registries go up while the rates they report go down.

About KSRA

The Kavian Scientific Research Association (KSRA) is a non-profit research organization to provide research / educational services in December 2013. The members of the community had formed a virtual group on the Viber social network. The core of the Kavian Scientific Association was formed with these members as founders. These individuals, led by Professor Siavosh Kaviani, decided to launch a scientific / research association with an emphasis on education.

KSRA research association, as a non-profit research firm, is committed to providing research services in the field of knowledge. The main beneficiaries of this association are public or private knowledge-based companies, students, researchers, researchers, professors, universities, and industrial and semi-industrial centers around the world.

Our main services Based on Education for all Spectrum people in the world. We want to make an integration between researches and educations. We believe education is the main right of Human beings. So our services should be concentrated on inclusive education.

The KSRA team partners with local under-served communities around the world to improve the access to and quality of knowledge based on education, amplify and augment learning programs where they exist, and create new opportunities for e-learning where traditional education systems are lacking or non-existent.

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Edited by

  1. Forman, F. Bray, D.H. Brewster, C. Gombe Mbalawa, B. Kohler, M. Piñeros, E. Steliarova-Foucher, R. Swaminathan and J. Ferlay

IARC Scientifi c Publications No. 164

International Agency for Research on Cancer Lyon, France 2014

IARC Scientifi c Publications No. 164 International

Agency for Research on Cancer Lyon, France 2014

Published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France ©International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2014 Distributed by WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; email:

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This book is available in electronic format from

How to cite this publication:

General reference: Forman D, Bray F, Brewster DH, Gombe Mbalawa C, Kohler B, Piñeros M, SteliarovaFoucher E, Swaminathan R, Ferlay J, editors (2014). Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Vol. X. IARC Scientific Publication No. 164. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer. Reference to online information or material related to an individual registry: See pages 119–120.

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Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.

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