How to conjugate french er verbs lesson 2

How to conjugate French ER verbs lesson 2

Let’s learn the conjugation(conjugate french er verbs) in the present of the indicative of the verbs ending in -ER in French (The French ER verbs) with videos, examples, and exercises. The conjugation of the verbs of the first group is very regular. It is formed by a single root -> the infinitive without “er”. (parl-er) -> (to speak).

The pronunciation and spelling of the verbs in -ER.

BE CAREFUL:

The ending is silent (not pronounced) and we only pronounce the root (not the endings) except with “nous -> –ons” and “vous -> –ez”.

Dialogue in French with English Subtitles

1/ Phrases toutes faites

Tu parles français ?

 

Denis est élève de français. Il apprend le français à Paris. Il va dans un bar pour participer à un échange linguistique.

    • Éric : Tu es français ?
    • Denis : Non, je suis anglais. Et toi ?
    • Éric : Je suis belge. Tu comprends le français ?
    • Denis : Oui, un petit peu. Je comprends un petit peu.
    • Éric : Tu vis ici ?
    • Denis : Oui, je reste à Paris pour l’été.
    • Éric : Ah ! Et tu prends des cours de français ?
    • Denis : Oui, je prends des cours de français depuis deux semaines.
    • Éric : Tu parles très bien français !
    • Denis : C’est gentil ! Merci !
    • Éric : Moi, je suis architecte.
    • Denis : Je ne comprends pas ce mot ! Tu peux répéter, s’il te plaît ?
    • Éric : AR-CHI-TEC-TE. Je suis architecte.
    • Denis : Ah ! D’accord ! Je comprends ! Haha ! Tu parles trop vite !
    • Éric : Oui, c’est vrai ! Haha ! Je parle vite !

Denis et Éric parlent aussi en anglais. C’est le but de l’échange linguistique.

1/ Sentence practice in French

Do you speak French?

Denis is a student of French. He is learning French in Paris. He goes to a bar to participate in a language exchange.

  • Eric: Are you French?
  • Denis: No, I’m English. And you?
  • Eric: I’m Belgian. Do you understand French?
  • Denis: Yes, a little. I understand a little.
  • Eric: Are you living here?
  • Denis: Yes, I will be staying in Paris during the summer.
  • Eric: Ah! And are you taking French classes?
  • Denis: Yes, I have been taking French classes for the last two weeks.
  • Eric: You speak French very well!
  • Denis: How nice of you! Thank you!
  • Eric: I’m an architect.
  • Denis: I do not understand that word! Can you repeat, please?
  • Eric: “architect”. I’m an architect.
  • Denis: Oh, okay! I get it! LOL! You speak very fast!
  • Eric: Yes, it’s true! I speak fast!

Denis and Éric also speak in English. It is the aim of language exchanges.

Vocabulaire – conjugate french er verbs

2/ Liste de Vocabulaire

un élève de français

le français

à Paris

dans un bar

un échange linguistique

pour l’été

une semaine

deux semaines

un architecte

un mot

apprendre, il apprend

aller, il va

pour participer à

comprendre, je comprends, tu comprends

je comprends un petit peu

vivre, tu vis

rester, je reste

prendre, je prends, tu prends

je prends des cours de français

parler, je parle, tu parles, ils parlent

c’est gentil !

je suis architecte

je ne comprends pas

je ne comprends pas ce mot !

pouvoir, tu peux

tu peux répéter, STP (s’il te plait)?

oui, c’est vrai

c’est le but de…

français

anglais

belge

et toi ?

ici

depuis deux semaines

s’il te plaît = STP

d’accord !

vite

trop vite

aussi

2 / Vocabulary List

a student of French / a French student

the French language, French

in Paris

in a bar

a language exchange

for summer

one week

two weeks

an architect

a word

to learn, he learns

to go, he is going

to participate in

to understand, I understand, you understand

I understand a little bit

to live, you live

to stay, I stay

to take, I take, you take

I take French lessons

to speak, I speak, you speak, they speak

how nice (of you to say)!

I am an architect

I do not understand

I dont understand this word !

can, you can

can you repeat, please?

yes, it’s true

it’s the aim of …

French

English

Belgian

and you ?

here

for two weeks

please

Okay !

quick

too fast

as well, too, also

Grammaire – conjugate french er verbs

3/ Grammaire : Les verbes en –ER (1er groupe)

 

Pronoms personnels Sujets Parler
Je

Tu

Il / Elle / (On)

parle

parles

parle

Nous

Vous

Ils / Elles

parlons

parlez

parlent

La conjugaison des verbes -ER en français du premier groupe est très régulière. Elle se forme à partir d’un seul radical -> l’infinitif sans « er ».

Parl-er ->  je parl-e  -> Vous parl-ez

Déjeun-er  -> je déjeun-e  -> Vous déjeun-ez

 

La prononciation et l’écrit des verbes en -ER:

ATTENTION: La finale est muette et on prononce seulement le radical pour toutes les personnes sauf pour « nous -> -ons » et pour « vous -> -ez ».

Finales sonores  -> « nous », « vous »

Finales muettes  -> « je », « tu », « il(s) », « elle(s) », « on »

À l’écrit, les finales muettes varient même si la prononciation est identique (-e, -es, -e, -ent).

Quand un radical se termine par « -g » ou « c » il devient devant -> « ge » ou « ç ».

Mang-er  -> nous mange-ons ->  « g  -> ge »

Voyag-er  -> nous voyage-ons ->  « g  -> ge »

Commenc-er  -> nous commençons ->  « c  -> ç »

Pronoms Sujets Commencer Manger Appeler Jeter
Je / J’ commence mange appelle jette
Tu commences manges appelles jettes
Il / Elle / (On) commence mange appelle jette
Nous commençons mangeons appelons jetons
Vous commencez mangez appelez jetez
Ils / Elles commencent mangent appellent jettent
Pronoms Sujets Acheter Espérer Essayer
Je / J’ achète espère essaie
Tu achètes espères essaies
Il / Elle / (On) achète espère essaie
Nous achetons espérons essayons
Vous achetez espérez essayez
Ils / Elles achètent espèrent essaient

3/ Grammar: conjugate french er verbs -The verbs in -ER (First group)

 

Personal Pronoun subject to speak
I

You

He / she / it

speak

speak

speaks

We

You

They

speak

speak

speak

The conjugation of verbs -ER in French of the first group is very regular. It is formed from a single root -> the infinitive without “er”.

To speak -> I speak -> You speak

To have lunch -> I have lunch -> You have lunch

 

The pronunciation and spelling of verbs in -ER:

CAREFUL: The ending is silent and we pronounce only the root for all the subjects except for “we -> -ons” and for “you -> -ez”.

Pronounced endings -> “we”, “you”

Silent endings -> “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”

In writing, the silent endings vary even if the pronunciation is identical (-e, -es, -e, -ent).

When a root ends with “-g” or “c” it becomes -> “ge” or “ç”.

to eat-> we eat -> “g -> ge” in French

to travel -> we travel -> “g -> ge” in French

to start -> we start -> «c -> ç» in French

 

Subject personal pronoun to start to eat to call to throw
I start eat call throw
You start eat call throw
He / she / it starts eats calls throws
We start eat call throw
You start eat call throw
They start eat call throw
Subject personal pronoun to buy to hope to try
I buy hope try
You buy hope try
He / she / it buys hopes tries
We buy hope try
You buy hope try
They buy hope try

Questions et réponses

4/ Questions/Réponses

Leçon 2 de français – Questions et réponses

What is Denis learning?

Denis is learning French.

 

Where is Denis going?

Denis goes to a bar.

 

Why is Denis going to a bar?

He goes to a bar to participate in a language exchange.

 

What nationality is Denis?

Denis is English.

 

What is Eric’s nationality?
Eric is Belgian.

 

Where does Denis stay for the summer?

Denis stays in Paris for the summer.

 

Does Denis understand French?

Yes, a little bit.

 

Since when does Denis take French lessons?

He has been taking French classes for two weeks.

 

What is Eric’s profession?

Eric is an architect.

 

What other languages do Eric and Denis speak?

They speak English.

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