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Covid 19 What happened to Europe?

Covid 19 What happened to Europe?

 More than a year has passed since the outbreak of the coronavirus(Covid 19) in Europe. The dream of Europe’s open borders has been to increase unemployment and weaken production and increase domestic violencemaj

On Monday, governments across Europe are facing an unprecedented crisis while hospitals are full of coronary heart disease patients with severe restrictions and quarantine, and widespread vaccination operations in Europe are facing many challenges. The continent is at risk of viral mutations.

(CNN)The United States must avoid making the same mistakes as Europe if it wants to have a chance of the kind of Independence Day party President Joe Biden promised last week, Dr. Anthony Fauci has warned.

The coronavirus is still spreading across the US, infection levels remain high and new variants are putting the progress made so far at risk. “When you see a plateau at a level as high as 60,000 cases a day, that is a very vulnerable time to have a surge, to go back up. That’s what exactly happened in Europe,” Fauci told CNN yesterday.
Europe is struggling to contain the third wave of the epidemic, which appears to have been caused by the new, more infectious and deadlier variant of the virus first identified in the UK. At the same time, the continent has been lagging behind the UK and the US in vaccination rates.

Al Jazeera, meanwhile, wrote in a report: “Great demographic change in Europe has begun as a result of the outbreak of Covid-19, and experts say some of these social changes may have lasting effects.

Gunnar Anderson, a demographer and head of the Department of Demography at Stockholm University, said that in the short term, the most obvious consequence of the epidemic was an increase in deaths, so that last year the death toll was 10 percent or more. Compared to 2019.

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He added: “Although the death rate due to Covid-19 has increased, the long-term effects of this increase are probably not significant, given that most of those who died were the oldest or most vulnerable people in the community.”

He also noted the longer-term impact of the epidemic on fertility rates across Europe, which is likely to decline further in the coming years, as it did after the 2008 financial crisis.

While some developing countries are recording the onset of childbirth due to declining investment and access to contraceptives and family planning services, Europe is experiencing declining fertility as a result of the quarantine effect.

According to a study by Italian researchers and data from Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom, many people have given up their decision to have children during strict quarantine arrangements.

The researchers noted that historically, economic crises have not been a good time for couples to decide whether to have children.

Poland, with a population of about 38 million, registered 357,400 births last year, the lowest number in 15 years. The birth rate in Italy also decreased by 21.6% in December 2020.

According to the German Statistics Office, 2020 was the first year since 2011 when the country’s national population did not grow due to a decrease in immigration, an increase in mortality, and a decrease in the birth rate compared to 2019.

Experts believe that the death rate will return to normal within a few years, but the decline in birth rates due to rising youth unemployment, the digital revolution, and the housing crisis could have serious long-term effects.

Another consequence that Covid-19 has had for European communities is highlighting the weakness of the European health system.

Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights Donja Mijatovi stated that Covid-19 identified weaknesses in European health systems. He also called for increased funding to strengthen the capacity of these systems.

According to the Portuguese newspaper “Portugal News”, the commissioner stressed that the budget cuts in the field of primary care and public health harmed people’s health, and asked the 47 member states of the council to allocate sufficient amounts of government funds for this To guarantee.

According to Mijatovi., The Covid-19 epidemic highlighted weaknesses and lack of capacity in European health systems, an issue that had stalled due to austerity measures in several countries since the 2008 financial crisis.

Emphasizing that hospitals, laboratories, and public health centers have worked beyond their means, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights added: “Many countries lack diagnostic capacity and insufficient personal protective equipment, which is why Health care workers are at greater risk of illness and death.

The Covid-19 epidemic, meanwhile, has killed 750,000 people across Europe.

But the rapidly spreading new strains of the coronavirus have prompted most European countries to implement new border control measures.

The New York Times reported: “Border control has become normal for Europeans during the Corona epidemic, which was once the largest free-flowing region in the world.”

Germany and Belgium imposed new border restrictions for fear of new mutant species first being identified in Britain and South Africa.

For a long time, there was a system of borderless movement of people and goods in Europe called Schengen. Currently, the Schengen area includes 22 of the 27 EU member states and four neighbors, including Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland. In this system, passengers travel without being exposed to border controls.

covid 19 borderless movement of people

The Schengen system has evolved and deepened throughout its 35-year history, but like many of the European Union’s unifying ideals, it has been vulnerable at critical junctures.

In 2015 and 2016, the arrival of more than one million asylum seekers in Europe dealt a decisive blow to the Schengen system.

Many member states that did not want to receive migrants tightened their border controls and used countries such as Greece and Italy as buffer zones.

Meanwhile, even moderate politicians, after decades of trying to lift border restrictions, have welcomed border controls in Europe.

On the other hand, the relentless expansion of the Covid-19 pandemic has dealt another blow to Europe’s dream of open borders.

The Schengen countries have an inalienable right to exercise border controls, but they must remove legal obstacles to doing so.

From mid-February (late February) only those who are German are allowed to enter Germany from the Czech Republic and Austria, live in Germany and work in the country in necessary jobs. All of these people must register before arriving in Germany and have a negative coronary test result.

Thousands of people in Austria and the Czech Republic travel to Germany every day to work, and long queues have formed following new control restrictions.

 long queues have formed following new control restrictions

However, businesses have called on German authorities to lift or reduce restrictions, as restrictive and targeted action has created problems in supply chains.

Even with the assumption that most Europeans have been vaccinated and the Coronavirus has finally come to their knees, Schengen’s future is likely to be in dispute.

Another consequence of the corona outbreak in Europe is an increase in domestic violence due to family members staying longer at home.

Domestic violence as a problem in Western societies has gone so far that the growing number of victims, especially during the epidemic, has made it one of the most serious social ills.

With the outbreak of the Coronavirus and the subsequent implementation of strict health protocols to curb the virus, such as quarantine and housekeeping, reports of increasing violence against women have raised a wave of concern, prompting the United Nations to Scan 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence from November 25 to December 10 (December 5 to 20, 2014) with the global theme of 2020 entitled “Turn the World Orange: Funding, Accountability, Prevention, and Data Collection.”

In Spain, gender-based violence is a major human rights concern. The new rules give welfare organizations and the Spanish police more power to prevent violent pre-threatening male behavior. Although important legal measures have been taken to eradicate this crime in this European country, which is considered positive and constructive steps from the perspective of Amnesty International, they still seem to be insufficient in the implementation and development phase.

In France, too, gender violence is high. Ninety women were killed by their ex-husband or wife in France in 2020, down from 146 in the previous year, when 146 people were registered. However, NGOs in France say it is too early to be optimistic about government measures to improve the situation.

Ninety women were killed by their ex-husband or wife in France in 2020,

At the beginning of the Corona outbreak, women’s rights groups warned of the abuse of women by their husbands around the world. Epidemics and restrictions emphasize violence against women and children in the home environment, and this has led to an increase in reports of such incidents.

Finally, it should be noted that the widespread closure of the corona in Europe has created many costs and problems for countries on the continent. Many jobs have been lost and the production sector has suffered heavy losses.

The European Union of Trade Unions says at least one million people have lost their jobs due to the outbreak of the Coronavirus on the continent.

But quarantine practices across Europe have raised people’s voices. Europeans took to the streets in cities such as Belgium, Switzerland, Britain, Germany, France, and Austria to protest against quarantine and poor living conditions.

AstraZeneca said Sunday a review of its data found no evidence that its vaccine against the coronavirus causes blood clots, the same day that Ireland and the Netherlands joined a growing list of countries that are suspending the use of the shot.

“A careful review of all available safety data … has shown no evidence of an increased risk of pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis or thrombocytopenia, in any defined age group, gender, batch or in any particular country,” the company said.

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Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.

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Somayeh Nosrati was born in 1982 in Tehran. She holds a Master's degree in artificial intelligence from Khatam University of Tehran.

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