How to write a research paper?

How to write a research paper

Table of Contents

Writing a paper seems difficult and sometimes scary to some students because writing a paper is a big project that requires the student to go through several steps to complete it and finally be able to put together a set of ideas. Put and present a new theory.

But by dividing these steps, you can easily manage them and make essay writing easier. Whether you want to write a scientific paper or a research paper or an article for a scholarship or even for publication in ISI International journals, the easiest way is to know the basics of essay writing and start your work based on it.

Dividing the paperwork into these seven steps will make your job much easier.

Learning to write a paper in 7 steps

write a research paper?
How to write a research paper?

1- Choose a topic

Sometimes you may be given a topic for writing a paper, and sometimes you have to choose the topic you want. However, how can an article be written without a topic?

If you are not given a topic for writing an article, although you have more work to do, you can be even luckier because you now have the opportunity to write a paper about the topic you are interested in.

Think about these questions:

  • Should this be general or specialized?
  • Do you want to present only information in this paper or convince people?
  • What’s so significant about a goat’s head?

You should give the reason for choosing the topic in the paper after the purpose of the paper has been determined, you can list the different titles that are related to this topic and search for information about them on the Internet, then evaluate them.

Is there enough information about each of them? And most importantly, which topics and topics are you most interested in? This will make it easier to choose the topic of the paper.

2-Prepare a blueprint or chart of your ideas

To write a successful paper, you need to organize your thoughts. By taking these ideas and thoughts out of your mind and writing them down on paper, you can find the connection between theories much easier and clearer. This structure forms the basis of your paper. You can use a chart to present and organize your ideas.

Be sure to read:   12 tips for speeding up the printing of scientific papers

To create this chart, write your subject in the middle of a piece of paper. Draw three to five lines around it and write down the main ideas you have. Then do the same for each idea you write, drawing lines around them and writing down what you think of the idea.

If you prefer to write a general plan, write the main topic at the top of the page and start writing a list of the main ideas below it. It’s a good idea to have a little distance between each main idea you write so that you can then write down your thoughts and ideas about each main idea, find a connection between smaller and larger ideas, and organize your paper in this way.

3- Write a description of the topic

Now that you’ve selected your topic and sorted your ideas and comments into related categories, you need to write a description of the topic. The description of the topic is usually given at the end or in the middle of the paragraph introducing a paper, which summarizes the main purpose and claims of the paper and somehow supports it.

The topic description has two parts, the first part defines the topic and the second part defines the purpose of the paper. For example, if an article is written about Bill Clinton and his influence in the United States, the subject could be “Bill Clinton has been influential with two consecutive terms of the presidency in the future of the United States”.

4- Prepare the main body of the paper

The main body of your article describes and explains the subject of the paper. Every original idea you write on paper now has a separate section in the main body.

The body paragraphs of the paper should have a specific and identical structure. Start the paper by writing one of the main ideas in the introduction sentence. Then write down each of the small ideas that came to your mind about that topic. It’s a good idea to put three or four lines between each sentence so that you can come back later and fill it in with some examples. This distance must eventually be filled with information that connects and connects smaller ideas.

5- Write an introduction to the paper

Introduction An paper is a part of a paper that is read earlier than anything else in the paper, so it should attract the reader’s attention and determine for him what the focus of this paper will be.

Start the paper with an article that catches the audience’s attention. This can be a weird and surprising piece of information, a dialogue, a story, a quote, or a simple summary of the title of the paper. From whatever angle you want to start the paper, make sure it is relevant to the topic description, which will be the last sentence of the introduction.

How to write a research paper
How to write a research paper

6- Write the conclusion of the paper

Conclusion The subject of your paper is closed and all the ideas given in the paper are summarized. Conclusions should include three to five very strong sentences. Review the main goals of your paper and concisely articulate them at the end.

7- Do the final review on the paper

It is a mistake to think that your paper will end up writing another conclusion. To complete your paper, you will still need detailed information and details that you will understand by reviewing and paying attention to.

In the final review, check the order of the paragraphs. The strongest point you want to make in the paper should be in the first and last paragraphs of the main body of the paper, and the rest of the points are between the two. Also make sure the paragraphs are logical.

Pay attention to the structure of the paper, not all articles have the same structure, and your article may need a specific format. So pay close attention to the overall structure of the paper, where and why you are writing the paper.

Finally, re-read and evaluate your writing logically. Make sure there is nothing left in the paper that is ambiguous and that the ideas are related. Be sure to check for spelling and grammar mistakes as well, as the slightest mistake can greatly reduce the value of the prepared paper.

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Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.