How to write an abstract for a research paper?
Some people think that the abstract of the research paper is an insignificant part of the work, and with this in mind, they copy different parts of the research paper into abstracts. However, the abstract of the paper is one of the most important parts of the article, the principles and details should be observed when writing it.
In general, the first sentence of an abstract should introduce the subject of the research paper well, so that the reader can relate it to other topics and research in that field. However, research on writing abstracts for various articles shows that only a few researchers follow this suggestion.
One of the main problems with abstract writing is the lack of a standard structure for writing abstracts. Most researchers who write a research paper do not pay attention to the importance of the sentences and what they should mention in each sentence.
To solve this problem, we will tell you how to get a complete and effective summary in six steps and in just six sentences.
Each of these six sentences has a special role in abstract writing, by which you can present the main idea and theory related to your research paper well in the abstract.
In one sentence, what is the subject of the research paper?
Make a sentence so that the reader can understand it well. If you’re writing a doctoral dissertation, your readers are often people who are familiar with the general field of your research, so you need to be specific about what the main topic of your article is.
The same is true for other research. Most of the readers of your research paper are critics and people who want to know more about this subject, which means that they have a background in your subject, so you should go to work without overtaking and dealing with the background. Pay attention to the main topic.
Discuss the problem you are facing. What is your main research question?
This time, answer it in one sentence. Remember, the first sentence introduces the general theme of your article, now you can focus on a key theme within the title. If you can’t summarize your research paper or dissertation in a key question, you probably don’t know yet what you’re going to write an article about. You need to focus more on this stage of the work so that you can ask only one question for your research paper.
Summarize in one sentence why no one else has yet answered the question of this research
At this point, you don’t need to point out all the failed attempts of previous people in this field, you just need to point out the specific way you want to introduce it and no one has ever tried it.
Explain in one sentence how you came across this research question. What is your new idea and theory?
In more general research papers, you can state your general theory and perspective on the question you addressed in the second sentence.
What research did you do to achieve this theory?
Have you done any different tests? Have you created software to solve this problem? This is probably the longest sentence in your abstract, especially if you write the abstract for your doctoral dissertation. But you shouldn’t overdo it. We want you to read a sentence that doesn’t take long for the reader to get tired of it and put it aside. Remember, “abstract” means a summary of the main ideas of the research paper, leaving out the details. So feel free to remove the extra details from the abstract.
In one sentence, show the main impact of your research
We are not looking for the result of an experiment here, but a summary of the consequences of what you have done. What determines why other people should care? What can they do with the research you’ve done?
Practical tips for writing an abstract
- Write the abstract of the research paper after the completion of the research. By doing this, you will have better ideas for presenting in the abstract.
- Instead of using direct quotes, use your own interpretation.
- You should write the abstract of the research paper in such a way that the reader understands the subject without wanting to refer to the original text.
- Abstract lengths in theoretical and review articles are usually between 75 and 100 words, and in research papers between 120 and 150 words.
- You do not need to specify the source in the abstract.
- Do not copy the text you have written in the research paper abstract.
Here are some examples of successful English abstracts from various disciplines that have been professionally written. Note that while they are all-powerful, interesting, and compelling, each has its own strengths.
In writing an abstract, the amount of emphasis placed on goals, methods, and outcomes varies depending on the discipline and orientation. So you have to decide which of these aspects to emphasize the most.
The Kavian Scientific Research Association (KSRA) is a non-profit research organization with the goal of providing research / educational services in December 2013. The members of the community had formed a virtual group on the Viber social network. The core of the Kavian Scientific Association was formed with these members as founders. These individuals, led by Professor Siavosh Kaviani, decided to launch a scientific / research association with an emphasis on education.
KSRA research association, as a non-profit research firm, is committed to providing research services in the field of knowledge. The main beneficiaries of this association are public or private knowledge-based companies, students, researchers, researchers, professors, universities, and industrial and semi-industrial centers around the world.
Our main services Based on Education for all spectrums people in the world. We want to make an integration between researches and educations. We believe education is the main right of Human being. So our services should be concentrated on inclusive education.
The KSRA team partners with local under-served communities around the world to improve the access to and quality of knowledge based on education, amplify and augment learning programs where they exist, and create new opportunities for e-learning where traditional education systems are lacking or non-existent.
Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.