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Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows systems to automatically learn and advance from experience, without explicit planning. Machine learning is based on the development of computer programs that can access data and use it for their own learning.

The learning process begins with observations or data such as examples, direct experience, or instructions to look for patterns in the data and make better decisions in the future based on the examples we provide. The main goal is for computers to learn and adjust their actions accordingly without human intervention or assistance.

Some methods of machine learning(ML)

ML algorithms are often classified as  Supervised or Unsupervised.

Supervised machine learning algorithms can use what they have learned in the past, using labeled examples, to predict new events. Starting from the analysis of known training datasets, the learning algorithm produces an inferential function to predict the outcome in terms of output values. This system is able to provide goals for each new entry after training. The learning algorithm can also compare its output with the correct and intended output and find errors to correct the model based on.

Machine Learning and its Emergence in the Modern World and its Contribution to Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning and its Emergence in the Modern World and its Contribution to Artificial Intelligence

In contrast, unsupervised machine learning algorithms are used when the information used for training is not classified and labeled. Unsupervised learning studies how systems can infer a function to describe the hidden structure of unlabeled data. The system does not specify the appropriate output, but it explores the data and can use unlabeled data to describe hidden structures.

Semi-supervised learning algorithms are between supervised and unsupervised learning because they use both labeled and unlabeled data for instruction, typically a small amount of labeled data and a large amount of data. Unlabeled. Systems that use this method can significantly improve learning accuracy. Typically, semi-supervised learning is chosen when the labeled data obtained requires skilled and relevant resources to be able to teach or learn from it. Otherwise, access to branded data usually does not require additional resources.

Amplifier ML algorithms are a learning method that interacts with their environment by generating actions and detecting errors or rewards. Trial and error search and delay reward are the most important features of reinforcement learning. This method allows machines and software agents to automatically determine the ideal behavior in a particular field in order to maximize their performance. Simple reward feedback is needed for the agent to learn which action is best. This is known as the amplification signal.

ML makes it possible to analyze large amounts of data. Although it usually provides faster and more accurate results in identifying profitable opportunities or risky risks, it may also require additional time and resources to train properly. Combining machine learning with artificial intelligence and cognitive technologies can be more effective in processing large volumes of information.

The evolution of machine learning

Because of new computing technologies, machine learning today is not like in the past. This knowledge of the pattern and the theory was born that computers can learn to do certain things without planning. Researchers interested in artificial intelligence wanted to see if computers could learn from the data. The repetitive aspect of ML is important because models are exposed to new data, and they are able to adapt independently. They learn from previous calculations to make reliable and repeatable decisions and results. This is not a new science, but a new motivation.

While many ML algorithms have been around for a long time, the ability to automate complex mathematical calculations on big data, after doing so over and over again, has become faster than ever before, which is a recent development.

Here are some common examples of machine learning applications you may need:

  • Powerful Google Engine and Update: The Ink of ML.
  • Online offers and recommendations like Amazon and Netflix: ML apps for everyday life.
  • Knowing what customers are saying about you on Twitter: ML  comes with language law.
  • Fraud Detection: One of the most obvious and important applications in our world today.

Machine learning and artificial intelligence

While artificial intelligence (AI) is a vast body of knowledge that mimics human abilities, ML is a specific subset of artificial intelligence that teaches a machine how to learn.

Humans can usually create one or two good models a week. Machine learning can create thousands of models a week.

The difference between data mining, machine learning, and deep learning

Although all of these methods have a purpose, they have different approaches and capabilities for extracting insights, patterns, and relationships that can be used to make decisions, all of which we will discuss in the following section:

Data Mining 

Data mining can be considered as a set of different methods for extracting insights from data. This may include traditional statistical methods and machine learning. Data mining uses many methods to identify previously unknown patterns of data. This can include statistical algorithms, machine learning, text analysis, time series analysis, and other analytical fields. Data mining also includes the study and performance of data storage and data manipulation.

Machine Learning

The main difference between machine learning is that it works exactly like statistical models, and the goal is to understand the data structure, and theoretical distributions, with well-understood data. Thus, with statistical models, there is a theory behind the model that is mathematically proven, but this requires that the data also satisfy strong assumptions.

Machine learning is based on the ability to use computers to research data for a structure, even if we have no theory about what is in the structure. The test of a machine learning model is a validation error in new data, not a theoretical test that proves an empty hypothesis. Because machine learning often uses an iterative method of learning data, learning can easily be automated. The transitions run through the data until a stronger pattern is found.

Deep learning

Deep learning combines advances in computing power and specific types of neural networks to learn complex patterns in large amounts of data. Deep learning techniques are now trying their best to identify objects in pictures and words in sounds. Researchers are now seeking to use these successes in pattern recognition in more complex tasks such as automatic language translation, medical diagnosis, and many other important social and business problems.

Why is machine learning significant?

The great interest in this subject is due to the same factors that have made data mining and analysis more popular than ever. Things like increasing the volume and types of data available, computing processing that is cheaper and more powerful, and the ability to store appropriate information.

Who uses it?

Most industries that work with large amounts of data have recognized the value of machine learning technology. By collecting large amounts of data, it will also be difficult to organize them. That’s why industries are most happy with the advancement of machine learning.

What are some standard methods of ML?

Two of the most common machine learning methods are supervised learning and unsupervised learning. But there are other ways to learn the machine.
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Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.

KSRA Scientific Research Association | Website | + posts

KSRA research association of Empowerment is a global non-profit organization committed to bringing empowerment through education by utilizing innovative mobile technology and educational research from experts and scientists. KSRA research association emerged in 2012 as a catalytic force to reach the hard-to-reach populations worldwide through mobile learning.

The KSRA research association team partners with local under-served communities around the world to improve the access to and quality of knowledge based on education, amplify and augment learning programs where they exist, and create new opportunities for e-learning where traditional education systems are lacking or non-existent

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Somayeh Nosrati was born in 1982 in Tehran. She holds a Master's degree in artificial intelligence from Khatam University of Tehran.