Table of Contents


Educational institutions can utilize modern technologies such as IoT to deliver an interactive learning experience. The introduction of IoT in education will give rise to multiple applications that can enhance student safety, offer communication channels for global students, and assist disabled pupils. Today folks square measure creating most out of the technology; web accessibility has created procuring knowledge and staying connected terribly simple. Basically, the web of things is simply associate degree extension of web property into hardware to assist in everyday tasks with the assistance of sensors has the potential to attach and act with things over the internet; management and monitor their performance. IoT can provide an engaging medium for educating students and improve efficiency by automating certain administrative tasks. With this approach, educational institutions can make learning more agile and improve the quality of education. IoT created education additional interactive and fun means of learning. This paper reveals some of the areas where IoT has influenced in higher education sectors.

Keywords: E-learning, Student Tracking System, Physically Challenged, Smart Classroom.


Internet of Things is also called as Internet of Objects. It usually connects sensors, devices, things, and smart technology. It links or connects the object-to-object, object-to-machines, machines-to infrastructures, person-to-objects, and so on. In other words, we can say that a network that connects simple/ordinary physical objects to identifiable addresses that provide intelligent services and produces a huge amount of data can be called IoT. At this point in time, people connect a greater number of objects as compared to the number of people connected, that too from any time and anyplace and one of the advantages is each being uniquely identifiable objects. These connections are multiplying at every point of time and forming a network of networks. IoT in it’s in an early stage and is beginning to get attention worldwide. Even though the concept of IoT was coined by Kevin Asthon in 1999, the arrival of the microprocessor in the 1970s sparked the concept of IoT. There is a long way to go for us to make the vision of IoT practical as it is vast, it is predicted that IoT will grow more in the future. IoT has a vast scope in the education sector. Education is one of the most important macro activities in human life and the implementation of IoT in education has become a necessity. Be it developing countries or developed countries IOT would help ease the lives of humankind. In countries like India start-ups like Vedantu is one of the examples of educating with the help of the internet. IoT is becoming a reality and according to the prediction by the year of 2020 IOT will contribute to 6% of the global GDP.

IoT can be defined as smart devices communicating and interacting with other machines, infrastructure, objects, and environment which produce data which are processed to provide useful action. Smart machines provide a very efficient and effective user interface which reduces human interventions in it. The creativity of today’s era is IoT. It is being widely used in many areas such as healthcare, environmental monitoring, security, agriculture, education, efficient use of energy. IoT is an emerging technology that is trying to make a very big footprint in the digital world and has the capability to transform the traditional education system into a scalable, flexible, and highly interactive with its competent tools, sensors, actuators, and storage technology. Making things much easier and more efficient by using embedded processing, sensors and more reliable connectivity in present technology are IoT. IoT will make it possible to develop intelligent e-learning systems according to the student needs and educator capabilities in a highly interactive and effective way.

The introduction of IoT in education will lead to the complete reforming of educational institutions. It changes the instructors, campus, management, teaching process, learning process, etc. IoT also increases learning experience by providing various features in student learning. Nowadays many universities and other educational institutions have removed traditional learning processes. They have been currently replaced by technologies like tablets and laptops. This helps students learn at the pace at which they are comfortable. Also, it helps students have a similar learning experience at both home and college. IoT in education not only helps students but also instructors. The teaching process can be made a lot easier through the introduction of various technologies. It helps professors identify the pace of learning of students and to focus more on those who need additional help in learning. This is indeed a huge advantage for the educational sector. IoT widely supports the concept of e-learning. The conventional system of books and papers is replaced by electronic devices and gadgets. This proves as a big change to students, thus increasing their interest in the process. Due to the introduction of intelligence in the process of learning, students are enabled to learn in a more interactive manner. It also provides students the facility to learn from any geographical position. E-learning also makes the process of learning much simpler and helps students in their weak areas. It provides methods for the grasping of concepts more effectively. Carrying heavy books to college every day would not be a problem for students anymore as they would be using electronic gadgets. It also helps in the conservation of the environment as it leads to reduced usage of paper. Thus e-learning is an eco-friendly method of learning.

Concentration is a very common problem faced by students when it comes to learning. Most students are quite bored with the same old pen-and-paper method of learning. The introduction of new methods of learning would help them overcome their boredom and help them learn with more concentration and interest. The introduction of electronic gadgets in the educational sector helps in the increase of students’ interest. The introduction of new features in their learning process helps them become more inquisitive and enables them to think and apply concepts in a much effective manner. IoT also helps to increase the level of enthusiasm in students. Interactive e-learning sessions help students understand easier and encourage them to come up with more questions. Student-friendly e-learning helps students in clearing their subject-related doubts. IoT also enables students to access vast resources and improve their knowledge in their field of interest. Instructors and educators can also get timely feedback from students regarding their education-related queries and doubts.

The current learning methods tent to suppress the creativity of students as they follow a uniform system. E-learning methods would be specifically designed to cater to the needs of each student individually. This enables students to spend more time on their areas of strength and interest. An increase in the level of creativity helps them to involve more in research work. Also, they tend to apply their knowledge in practical situations of life, thus giving rise to more and more useful inventions. This helps in the emergence of many new science enthusiasts. Thus, IoT helps immensely in building up the future of science and technology.

IoT carries incredible openings to higher education. The unique growth of computing or smart computing, developing IoT technologies such as cloud computing, and big data and analytics are helpful not only in improving the core values of teaching and quality of research but also developing an IoT society and encouraging a new digital culture. The inimitable development of smart computing, rising IoT skills such as analytics, big data, and cloud computing are supportive not only in increasing an IoT culture and inspiring a new digital ethos but also cultivating the principle standards of teaching and excellence in research.


IoT will become a reality in the near future, with great investments and more advanced security for the huge volume of data stored in clouds which will be accessible anytime to all students. In my point of view, these should be done keeping in mind the fact that it should be human-centered, secure, well-planned, and well-executed because a fault in the implementation could cause the identity of millions of students in wrong hands. IoT in education is about the skill of learning new things especially. Like, if a student wants to study an object, then only by touching the object information will be displayed. Using mobile which is nowadays connected with our PC and we can access it anywhere and anytime is contributing a lot towards smart learning. The availability of educational tools or material is easy. And, the educational material can be easily shared among the students and also by the teachers. The distance learning program is introduced by which millions of students can learn at the same time or anytime and as many times they want, the institutes provide them a source(workstation) through which they can access to the server and study. There are many free channels as well which are easily accessible. Experts in fields can relate to, instead of going through a long process. For the students who are homesick or health issues or any other reasons can not only attend the lectures but also, they can participate in it wherever they are. IoT has enhanced assistant for special students, disabled students are provided with good-instructors and student to teacher interactions which will enhance the quality of education. This will ultimately contribute to the development of the country. In the country like India where the youth population is very high so educating everyone is a big mission for the Indian government, the HRD department and IoT can help us to provide education to everyone. The educated youth will surely contribute towards the development of the county.

With increasing online degree opportunities and easy access to instructional content, the IoT leads digital momentum into higher education institutions. IoT is a dramatic shift in the traditional instructional paradigm while integrating broader disciplines, including social science, to enrich the value of big data available from social media. Developing a system of IP address where each student and instructor is given one we can connect each and every one to one platform that is the internet.

Students and instructors as educational objects can interact in real-time. IoT removes the existence of electronic walls, time limitations, and other barriers between learners and a large volume of resources such as experienced teachers, results of researches and solutions, and advanced lab tools. Students or teachers can access e-information that they need in seconds or minutes. It also minimizes the use of papers. Smart cities by using the IoT technology can provide effective and collaborative e-learning or e-training platform to e-communities who can collaborate and bring cooperation to experience sharing, competency, new models of e-business, and that are needed for sustainability and maintenance of the city. A well-educated community will be compromised to the order, law, and participation, functionality of a city, and life quality to the citizens.

About KSRA

The Kavian Scientific Research Association (KSRA) is a non-profit research organization to provide research / educational services in December 2013. The members of the community had formed a virtual group on the Viber social network. The core of the Kavian Scientific Association was formed with these members as founders. These individuals, led by Professor Siavosh Kaviani, decided to launch a scientific / research association with an emphasis on education.

KSRA research association, as a non-profit research firm, is committed to providing research services in the field of knowledge. The main beneficiaries of this association are public or private knowledge-based companies, students, researchers, researchers, professors, universities, and industrial and semi-industrial centers around the world.

Our main services Based on Education for all Spectrum people in the world. We want to make an integration between researches and educations. We believe education is the main right of Human beings. So our services should be concentrated on inclusive education.

The KSRA team partners with local under-served communities around the world to improve the access to and quality of knowledge based on education, amplify and augment learning programs where they exist, and create new opportunities for e-learning where traditional education systems are lacking or non-existent.

FULL Paper PDF file:


Aryan Sandilya Mishra: School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India.

Dr. J. Karthikeyan: Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences and Languages, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India.

Dr. Binoy Barman: Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities & Social Science, Daffodil International University.

Dr. Roy P Veettil: Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Sohar University, Sohar, Sultanate of Oman.

Journal of Critical Reviews ISSN- 2394-5125 Vol 7, Issue 1, 2020

Received: 19.11.2019

Revised: 13.12.2019

Accepted: 28.01.2020

doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.01.109

JCR2020; 7(1): 567-570

PDF reference and original file: Click here


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Nasim Gazerani was born in 1983 in Arak. She holds a Master's degree in Software Engineering from UM University of Malaysia.

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Professor Siavosh Kaviani was born in 1961 in Tehran. He had a professorship. He holds a Ph.D. in Software Engineering from the QL University of Software Development Methodology and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chelsea.